Literatür Detay Bilgisi
A genetic score for the prediction of beta-thalassemia severity.

Yazarlar : Danjou F, Francavilla M, Anni F et al

Yayın : Haematologica.

Yayın Yılı : 2014

Pubmed Linki : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25480500

Konu : Talasemi

Literatür İçeriği :  

Abstract

Clinical and hematological characteristics of beta-thalassemia are determined by several factors resulting in a wide spectrum of severity. Phenotype modulators are: HBB mutations, HBA defects and fetal hemoglobin production modulators (HBG2:g.-158C>T polymorphism, HBS1L-MYB intergenic region and the BCL11A). We characterized 54 genetic variants at these five loci robustly associated with the amelioration of beta-thalassemiaphenotype, to build a predictive score of severity using a representative cohort of 890 beta-thalassemic patients. Using Cox proportional hazard analysis on a training set, we assessed the effect of these loci on the age at which patient started regular transfusions, built a Thalassemia Severity Score, and validated it on a testing set. Discriminatory power of the model was high (C-index=0.705; R2=0.343) and the validation conducted on the testing set confirmed its predictive accuracy with transfusion free survival probability (p<0.001) and with transfusion dependency status (Area Under the Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve=0.774, p<0.001). Finally, an automatized online calculation of the score was made available at http://tss.unica.it. Besides the accurate assessment of genetic predictors effect, the present results could be helpful in the management of patients, both as a predictive score for screening and a standardized scale of severity to overcome the major-intermedia dichotomy and support clinical decisions.


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