Literatür Detay Bilgisi
CD4+/CD8+ double-positive T cells: more than just a developmental stage?

Yazarlar : Overgaard NH, Jung JW2, Steptoe RJ

Yayın : J Leukoc Biol.

Yayın Yılı : 2014

Pubmed Linki : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25360000

Konu : Diğer

Literatür İçeriği :

Abstract

CD4+/CD8+ DP thymocytes are a well-described T cell developmental stage within the thymus. However, once differentiated, the CD4+ lineage or the CD8+ lineage is generally considered to be fixed. Nevertheless, mature CD4+/CD8+ DP T cells have been described in the blood and peripheral lymphoid tissues of numerous species, as well as in numerous disease settings, including cancer. The expression of CD4 and CD8 is regulated by a very strict transcriptional program involving the transcription factors Runx3 and ThPOK. Initially thought to be mutually exclusive within CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, CD4+/CD8+ T cell populations, outside of the thymus, have recently been described to express concurrently ThPOK and Runx3. Considerable heterogeneity exists within the CD4+/CD8+ DP T cell pool, and the function of CD4+/CD8+ T cell populations remains controversial, with conflicting reports describing cytotoxic or suppressive roles for these cells. In this review, we describe how transcriptional regulation, lineage of origin, heterogeneity of CD4 and CD8 expression, age, species, and specific disease settings influence the functionality of this rarely studied T cell population.

© Society for Leukocyte Biology.

RESULTS:

Median CTSE mRNA expression levels were ≥1,000-fold higher in BE/intestinal metaplasia and BE/D compared to NE. CTSE levels were significantly lower in EAC compared to BE/intestinal metaplasia and BE/D, but significantly higher than NE levels. A similar expression pattern was present in immunohistochemistry, with absent staining in NE, intense staining in intestinal metaplasia and dysplasia, and less intense EAC staining. CTSE serum analysis did not discriminate patient groups. In a uni- and multivariable Cox proportional hazards model, CTSE expression was not significantly associated with survival in patients with EAC, although CTSE expression above the 25th percentile was associated with a 41 % relative risk reduction for death (hazard ratio 0.59, 95 % confidence interval 0.27-1.26, p = 0.17).

CONCLUSIONS:

CTSE mRNA expression is up-regulated more than any known gene in Barrett intestinal metaplasia and dysplasia tissues. Protein expression is similarly highly intense in intestinal metaplasia and dysplasia tissues.


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