Literatür Detay Bilgisi
JAK3 mutants transform hematopoietic cells through JAK1 activation causing T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia in a bone marrow transplant mouse model.

Yazarlar : Degryse S, de Bock CE, Cox L

Yayın : Blood

Yayın Yılı : 2014

Pubmed Linki :

Konu : Lösemi

Literatür İçeriği :  JAK3 is a tyrosine kinase that associates with the common gamma chain of cytokine receptors and is recurrently mutated in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). We tested the transforming properties of JAK3 pseudokinase and kinase domain mutants using in vitro and in vivo assays. Most, but not all, JAK3 mutants transformed cytokine dependent Ba/F3 or MOHITO cell lines to cytokine independent proliferation. JAK3 pseudokinase mutants were dependent on Jak1 kinase activity for cellular transformation, whilst the JAK3 kinase domain mutant could transform cells in a Jak1 kinase independent manner. Reconstitution of the IL7 receptor signaling complex in 293T cells showed that JAK3 mutants required receptor binding to mediate downstream STAT5 phosphorylation. Mice transplanted with bone marrow progenitor cells expressing JAK3 mutants developed a long latency transplantable T-ALL like disease, characterized by an accumulation of immature CD8 positive T-cells. In vivo treatment of leukemic mice with the JAK3 selective inhibitor tofacitinib reduced the white blood cell count and caused leukemic cell apoptosis. Our data show that JAK3 mutations are drivers of T-ALL and require the cytokine receptor complex for transformation. These results warrant further investigation of JAK1/JAK3 inhibitors for the treatment of T-ALL.

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